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There are very effective treatments for most sleep problems. While there are more than 70 distinct sleep disorders, these are the most common:
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a serious condition that occurs when structural problems create a blockage in the airway that impedes or stops breathing. The brain senses the pause and sends a signal to breathe. Breathing resumes, often with a loud snort or gasp. This condition affects the entire body, and if left untreated, can lead to more severe health concerns.
This condition is the inability to fall asleep and/or stay asleep.
This disorder affects the part of the brain that regulates sleep and wakefulness. Narcolepsy is a lifelong condition that usually appears in early adulthood. It is characterized by the sudden onset of drowsiness or excessive daytime sleepiness, sudden loss of muscle control, sleep paralysis, fragmented sleep and vivid dreams, although symptoms range in severity. There are very effective medications that can mitigate symptoms and restore a sense of normalcy to the lives of those diagnosed with this condition.
Humans have an internal, 24-hour biological clock known as the circadian rhythm which helps regulate our wake/sleep cycle. This rhythm is sensitive to sunlight, creating a natural waking cycle during the day and a sleeping pattern at night. Disruptions to this cycle cause the clock to unpredictably shift the body’s wake/sleep cycle, causing significant problems. Shift workers are particularly at risk for this sleep disorder.
This is the name of a group of sleep issues including sleepwalking, night terrors, teeth grinding and other unusual events that occur while sleeping.
Characterized by leg cramping, twitching, pain and general discomfort in the legs, these intermittent limb movements can be very disruptive to sleep by causing frequent waking and excessive daytime sleepiness.
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