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The hip joint is essentially a ball and socket joint made up of the pelvis and the femur. The top, or "ball," of the femur comes together with the acetabulum, or "socket," of the pelvis. The bones are lined with articular cartilage, which allows for shock absorption and smooth, fluid movement.
Common Hip Conditions
Learn more about Total Hip Replacement
Total Hip Replacement Surgery
Many times patients seek medical attention due to a loss of mobility in the area of the hip joint or complaints of pain in the hip or groin with mobility or weight bearing activities. These symptoms are most often secondary to osteoarthritis of the hip joint brought on by aging or previous trauma to the hip joint. These symptoms frequently respond to conservative management
of anti-inflammatory medications and corticosteroid injections.
When these types of treatments are unsuccessful, consideration for total hip replacement or arthroplasty is discussed. Hip replacement is an extremely common and successful operation consisting of removing the ball part of the hip joint and the receiving socket lining and replacing them with artificial materials made to withstand extended wear and tear.
Although patients will typically see an increase in their functional amount of motion following hip replacement surgery, there may be some motions or positions that need to be avoided for two to three months to avoid dislocation of the hip following surgery. These motions and positions are dependent on the surgical approach used by the physician.
Patient education and understanding of the limitations of hip replacement, especially regarding the potential for dislocation and range of motion restrictions, can help minimize the occurrence of this complication. Patients are encouraged to discuss specific limitations and activity restrictions following joint replacement with their surgeon, physical therapist or occupational therapist.
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